Jean Paul Allain

Jean Paul Allain
(217) 244-4789
111C Talbot Laboratory
Associate Professor
(217) 244-4789
111C Talbot Laboratory

Research Topics

  • Bio-Micro and Nanotechnology


  • Ph.D., Nuclear Engineering, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, 2001
  • M.S., Nuclear Engineering, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, 2000
  • B.S., Mechanical Engineering, California State Polytechnic University, 1996

Academic Positions

  • Associate Head of Graduate Programs, Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, November 2017-Present
  • Professor, Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, August 2017-Present
  • Professor, Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, August 2017-Present
  • Affiliate Faculty, Beckman Institute of Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, September 2014-Present
  • Resident Faculty, Micro and Nanotechnology Laboratory (MNTL), University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, September 2013-Present
  • Associate Professor, Affiliate, Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, August 2013-2017
  • Associate Professor, Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, August 2013-2017
  • Associate Professor of Materials Engineering (courtesy appointment), Purdue University, 2011-2013
  • Assistant Professor of Materials Engineering (courtesy appointment), Purdue University, 2008-2011
  • Associate Professor of Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University, 2011-2013
  • Associate Faculty Member, Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, 2008-2013
  • Assistant Professor of Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University, 2007-2013
  • Visiting Faculty Staff, Argonne National Laboratory, 2007-2009
  • Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2001-2003

For more information

Research Topics

  • Bio-Micro and Nanotechnology

Research Interests

  • Nanostructured surfaces and interfaces for advanced biosensors
  • Cell-surface interactions
  • In-situ and in-operando surface characterization techniques
  • Directed Irradiation Synthesis (DIS)
  • Self-organization in mesoscale plasma nanosynthesis
  • Ion-driven nanopatterning on metals, oxides, semiconductors and polymers
  • Multi-scale computational surface physics
  • Advanced nanostructured biointerfaces for regenerative medicine
  • Engineering design for global social impact
  • Plasma-surface and materials interactions in fusion devices
  • Irradiation surface science

Chapters in Books

  • Allain, J.P., Ruzic, D. (2018). Fundamentals of Plasma-Material Interactions in Magnetic Fusion Devices. In Plasma Science and Technology – Basic Fundamentals and Modern Applications. Editor: Haikel Jelassi and Djamel Benredjem, IntechOpen, [Online First] DOI: 10.5772.intechopen.77157.
  • Allain, J. P., Echeverry-Rendón, M. (2018). Surface treatment of metallic biomaterials in contact with blood to enhance hemocompatibility. In the book Hemocompatibility of Biomaterials for Clinical Applications: Blood-Biomaterials Interactions. Elsevier, Inc. (pp. 279-326).
  • Allain, J.P., Echeverry-Rondon, M., Pavon, J.J., Arias, S. (2014). Chapter 2. Nanostructured Biointerfaces, in the book of Nanopatterning and Nanoscale Devices for Biological Applications. Editor: Seila Selimovic, CRC Press 2014, Pages 42-67.
  • Allain, J.P., Tigno, T., Armonda, R. (2013). Chapter 20. Nanotechnology for Cerebral Aneurysm Treatment, in the book Nanoneuroscience and Nanoneurosurgery. Editors: Babak Kateb and John D. Heiss, CRC Press 2013, Pages 259-282.
  • Allain, J.P. (2011). Chapter 19. Irradiation Effects on EUV Nanolithography Collector Mirrors, in the book Recent Advances in Nanofabrication Techniques and Applications. Editor: Prof. Bo Cui, ISBN 978-953-307-602-7, InTech, December 12, 2011
  • Allain, J.P., Hassanein, A., Nieto, M.. et al., (2006). Chapter 35. Electrode and Condenser Materials for Plasma Pinch Sources in the book EUV Sources for Lithography, Ed. V.Bakshi, SPIE Monograph Series, 2006.
  • Allain, JP, Ruzic, D. (2002). Chapter 8. Deuterium Treatment Effects On Lithium And Tin-Lithium Sputtering In Solid And Liquid Phase. in the book Hydrogen and Helium Recycling at Plasma Facing Materials. Editor: Ahmed Hassanein. Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht, Volume 54 of the series NATO Science Series pp 73-82

Selected Articles in Journals

  • Lang, E., Madden, N., Smith, C., Krogstad, J., Allain, J.P. (2019) “Deciphering the role of second phase precipitates on early -stage surface morphology development of dispersion-strengthened W alloys under low energy He irradiation”, Nuclear Materials and Energy, Vol. 19, May 2019, Pages 47-54
  • Bedoya, F., Allain, J.P., Dominguez-Gutierrez, F.J., Drstic, P.S. (2019) “Effect of deuterium irradiation on graphite boronized in the NSTX-U tokamak”, Scientific Reports, Springer Nature, Vol 9, Art. 2435, February 21, 2019
  • Krstic, PS; Allain, J.P.; Dominguez-Gutierrez, F-J; Bedoya, F (2018) “Unraveling the surface chemistry processes in litigated and boronized plasma material interfaces under extreme conditions”, Matter and Radiation at Extremes, Vol 3, Issue 4, pp 165-187, July 2018, Review Article
  • Lang, E; Madden, N; Smith, C; Krogstad, J; Allain, J.P. (2018) “Microstructural and compositional effects of transition metal carbide additions on dispersion-strengthened tungsten fabricated via spark plasma sintering”, International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, April 2018
  • Allain, J.P.; Shetty, A (2017) “Unraveling atomic-level self-organization at the plasma-material interface”, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol 50, Number 28, Special Issue on Achieving Atomistic Control in Plasma-Material Interactions, Invited Topical Review
  • Lang E., Kapat, A., Allain, J.P. (2017) “Deciphering surface behavior and deuterium retention in tin-lithium-coated fuzzy tungsten substrates”, Nuclear Materials and Energy, 2017 (online July 29,2017)
  • Lively, MA; Holybee, B; Toriyama, M; Allain, J.P. (2017) “Massive-scale molecular dynamics of ion-irradiated II-V compound semiconductors at the onset of nanopatterning”, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, April 24, 2017
  • Menard, J.E., Allain, J.P., Battaglia, D.J., Bedoya, F. Bell, R.E., et. al (2017) “Overview of NSTX Upgrade Initial Results and Modeling Highlights”, Nuclear Fusion vol. 57 p. 102006 (October 2017)
  • El-Atwani, O, Hinks, J.A., Greaves, G., Allain, J.P., Maloy, S.A. (2017): “Grain size threshold for enhanced irradiation resistance in nanocrystalline and ultrafine tungsten”, Materials Research Letters, February 21, 2017
  • Echeverry-Rendon M., Reece, L.M., Pastrana, F., Arias S., Shetty, A., Pavon, J.J., Allain, J.P., (2017) "Bacterial nanocellulose magnetically functionalized for neuro-endovascular treatment", Macromolecular Bioscience (2017) DOI:10.1002/mabi.201600382
  • Dominguez-Gutierrez, F.J.,Bedoya,F., Krstic, P.S., Allain, J.P., Neff, A.L., Luitjohan, K. (2016)"Studies of lithiumization and boronization of ATJ graphite PFCs in NSTX-U", Journal of Nuclear Materials and Energy 2016
  • Kaita, R.,Lucia, M., Allain, J.P., Bedoya, F., Bell, R., Boyle, D., Capece, A., Jaworski, M., Koel, B.E., Majeski, R., Roszell, J., Schmitt, J., Scotti, F., Skinner, C.H., Soukhanovskii, V. (2016) “Hydrogen retention in lithium on metallic walls from “in vacuo” analysis in LTX and implications for high-Z plasma-facing components in NSTX-U”, Fusion Engineering and Design, 2016
  • Bedoya, F., Allain, J. P. , Kaita, R. , Buzi, L., Skinner, C.H., and Koel, B.(2016) “Unraveling wall conditioning effects on plasma facing components in NSTX- U with the Materials Analysis Particle Probe (MAPP),” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 87, no. 11, No 2016.
  • Pastrana, H.F., Cooper, C., Alucozai, M., Reece, L.M., Avila, A., Allain, J.P. (2016): “Synthesis and in vitro safety assessment of magnetic bacterial cellulose with porcine aortic smooth muscle cells”, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 1552-4965
  • Arias, S.L., Akshath, S.R., Senpan, A., Echeverry-Rendon, M., Reece, L.M., Allain, J.P. (2016): “Fabrication of a Functionalized Magnetic Bacterial Nanocellulose with Iron Oxide Nanoparticles”, The Journal of Visualized Experiments (JoVE) Bioengineering, Issue 111, May 2016
  • El-Atwani, O., Norris, S.A., Ludwig, K., Gonderman, S., Allain, J.P. (2015): “Ion beam nanopatterning of III-V semiconductors: consistency of experimental and simulation trends within a chemistry-driven theory”, Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group. 5, 18207, 16.12.2015
  • Munoz, S., Pavon, J., Rodriguez-Ortiz, J.A., Civantos, A., Allain, J.P., Torres, Y. (2015): “On the influence of space holder in the development of porous titanium implants: Mechanical, computational and biological evaluation”, Materials Characterization, Vol 108, October 2015, Pages 68-78, online September 2, 2015.
  • Kaita, R., Abrams, T., Jaworski, M., Lucia, M., Nichols, J.H., Skinner, C.H., Stotler, D., Allain, J.P., Bedoya, F. (2015): “Addressing the Challenges of Plasma-Surface Interactions in NSTX-U”, IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Volume 43, Issue 4, 1/04/2015, Online 26 January 2015.
  • Yang, Z., Lively, M., Allain, J.P. (2015): “Kinetic Monte Carlo simulation of self-organized pattern formation induced by ion beam sputtering using crater functions”, Phys. Rev. B 91, 075427 – Published 26 February 2015.
  • El-Atwani, O., Gonderman, S., Suslov, S., Efe, M., De Temmerman, G., Morgan, T., Bystrov, K., Hattar, K., Allain, J.P. (2015): "Early stage damage of ultrafine-grained tungsten materials exposed to low energy helium ion irradiation", Fusion Engineering and Design, Volume 93, pp. 9-14, 2015/4/30, Online 27 February 2015.
  • Ghoniem, N.M., Sehirlioglu, A., Neff, A.L., Allain, J.P., Williams, B., Sharghi-Moshtaghin, R. (2015): "Sputtering of Molybdenum and Tungsten Nano Rods & Nodules Irradiated with 150 eV argon Ions", Applied Surface Science, Volume 331, 15, pp. 299-308, March 2015. Online 13 January 2015.
  • Neff, AL, Allain, J.P., Bedoya, F., Morgan, T., Temmerman,G De. (2014): "High flux irradiations of Li coatings on polycrystalline W and ATJ graphite with D, He, and He-seeded D plasmas at Magnum PSI", Journal of Nuclear Materials 463, pp. 1147-1151, 2014.12.3
  • Lucia, M., Kaita, R., Majeski, R., Bedoya, F., Allain, J.P., Abrams, T., Bell, R.E., Boyle, D.P., Jaworski, M.A., Schmitt, J.C. (2014): "Dependence of LTX plasma performance on surface conditions as determined by in situ analysis of plasma facing components", Journal of Nuclear Materials 463, pp. 907-910, July 22/2015, online November 20, 2014.
  • Walker, E., Nauman, E., Allain, J.P., Stanciu, L. (2014): "An invitro model for preclinical testing of thrombogenicity of resorbable metallic stents". Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, Volume 103, Issue 6, pg. 2118-2125 online 2014/10/1. Published 2015/06/01
  • Lucia, M., Kaita, R., Majeski, R., Bedoya, F., Allain, J.P., Boyle, D.P., Schmitt, J.C., St Onge, D.A. (2014): "Development progress of the Materials Analysis and Particle Probe", Review of Scientific Instruments, 85, 11, 11D835
  • Hattar, K., El-Atwani, O., Efe, M., Novakowski, T.J., Suslova, A., Allain, J.P. (2014): "Helium Implantation of Ultrafine Grained Tungsten within a TEM". Materials Research Society Proceedings. 1645, mrsf13-1645-zz01-04, Cambridge University Press.
  • Taylor, C.N, Allain, J.P., Krstic, P.S., Dadras, J., Luitjohan, K.E., Skinner, C.H. (2014): “Differentiating the role of lithium and oxygen in retaining deuterium on lithiated plasma-facing components” Physics of Plasmas, 21, 057101, Invited Article.
  • Yang, Z., Lively, M., Allain, J.P. (2013) “Atomistic simulations of ion-beam patterning with crater functions”, Nuclear Instruments and Methods Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 307, 189.
  • Taylor, C.N., Luitjohan, K.E., Heim, B., Kollar, L., Allain, J.P., Skinner, C.H., Kugel, H.W., Kaita, R., Roquemore, A.L., Maingi, R. (2013): “Surface chemistry analysis of lithium conditioned NSTX graphite tiles correlated to plasma performance”. Fusion Engineering and Design, 88, 3157-3164.
  • Taylor, C.N., Luitjohan, K.E., Allain, J.P., Krstic, P.S., Dadras, J. (2013): “The role of oxygen in the uptake of deuterium in lithiated graphite,” Journal of Applied Physics 114, 223301.
  • Krstic, P.S., Allain, J.P., Taylor, C.N., Dadras, J., Maeda, S., Morokuma, K., Allouche, A., Skinner, C.H. (2013) “Deuterium uptake in magnetic fusion devices with lithium conditioned carbon walls”. Physical Review Letters, 110, 10, 105001.
  • Kaita, R., Kugel, H.W., Abrams, T., Allain, J.P., Bell, M.G., Bell R.E., Diallo, A., Gerhardt, S.P., Heim, B., Jaworski, M.A., Kallman, J., Kaye, S., LeBlanc, B.P., Maingi, R., Mansfield, D., McLean A., Menard, J., Mueller, D., Nygren, R., Ono, M., Paul, S.F., Podesta, M., Raman, R., Roquemore, A.L., Sabbagh, S.A., Scotti, F., Skinner, C.H., Soukhanovskii, V.A., Taylor, C.N., Zakharov, L. (2013): “Characterization of fueling NSTX H-mode plasmas diverted to a liquid lithium divertor” Journal of Nuclear Materials, 438, S488-S492.
  • Jaworski, M.A., Abrams, T., Allain, J.P., Bell, M.G., Bell, R.E., Diallo, A., Gray, T.K., Gerhardt, S.P., Kugel, H.W., LeBlanc, B.P., Maingi, R., McLean, A.G., Menard, J., Ono, M., Podesta, M., Roquemore, A.L., Sabbagh, S.A., Scotti, F., Skinner, C.H.K., Soukhanovskii, V.A., Stotler, D.P., NSTX Team (2013): “Liquid lithium divertor characteristics and plasma-material interactions in NSTX high-performance plasmas” Nuclear Fusion, 53, 083032.
  • El-Atwani, O., Fowler, J., Gonderman, S., Allain, J.P. (2013): “Near sputter-threshold GaSb nanopatterning”, Journal of Applied Physics 114,104308.
  • El-Atwani, O., Efe, M., Heim, B., Allain, J.P. (2013): “Surface damage in ultrafine and multimodal grained tungsten materials induced by low energy helium irradiation”. Journal of Nuclear Materials 434, 1, 170-177.
  • El-Atwani, O., Suslova, A., DeMasi, A., Gonderman, S., Fowler, J., El-Atwani, M., Ludwig, K., Allain, J.P. (2013): “Nanopatterning of metal-coated silicon surfaces via ion beam irradiation: real time x-ray studies reveal the effect of silicide bonding”. Journal of Applied Physics 113, 12,124305.
  • Taylor, C.N., Heim, B., Gonderman, S., Allain, J.P., Yang, Z., Kaita, R., Roquemore, A.L., Skinner, C.H., Ellis, R.A. (2012): “Materials Analysis and Particle Probe: A compact diagnostic system for in-situ analysis of plasma-facing components (invited)”. Review of Scientific Instruments. 83, 10, 10D703.
  • El-Atwani, O., Suslova, A., DeMasi, A., Gonderman, S., Fowler, J., El-Atwani, M., Ludwig, K., Allain, J.P. (2012): “Real time x-ray studies during nanostructure formation on silicon via low-energy ion-beam irradiation using ultrathin iron films”. Applied Physics Letters 101, 26, 263104.
  • El-Atwani, O., Allain, J.P., Suslova, A. (2012): “The effect of native oxide on ion-sputtering-induced nanostructure formation of GaSb surfaces”. Applied Physics Letters. 101, 25, 251606.
  • Allain, J.P., Taylor, C.N. (2012): “Lithium-based surfaces controlling fusion plasma behavior at the plasma-material interface (invited)”. Physics of Plasmas. 19, 5, 056126.
  • Taylor, C.N., Heim, B., Allain, J.P. (2011): “Chemical response of lithiated graphite with deuterium irradiation”. Journal of Applied Physics, 109, 5, 053306.
  • Skinner, C.H., Allain, J.P., Bell, M.G., Friesen, F.Q.L., et al. (2011): “Lithium wall conditioning and surface dust detection on NSTX, and dust removal”. Physica Scripta T145, 014020.
  • Nieto-Perez M., Allain, J.P., Heim, B., Taylor, C.N. (2011): “Chemical and physical erosion of carbon and metallic substrates containing lithium during low-energy deuterium ion irradiation”. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 415, 1, S133-S136p.
  • Heim, B., Taylor, C.N., Zigon, D.M., O’Dell, S., Allain, J.P. (2011): “Deuterium ion-surface interactions of liquid-lithium thin films on micro-porous molybdenum substrates”. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atorms, 269, 11, 1262-1265p.
  • El-Atwani, O., Ortoleva, S., Cimaroli A., Allain, J.P. (2011): “Formation of silicon nanodots via ion beam sputtering of ultra-thin gold thin film coatings on Si”. Nanoscale Research Letters, 6, 1, 1-5.
  • El-Atwani, O., Quach, D.V., Efe, M., Cantwell, P.R., Heim, B., Schultz, B., Stach, E.A., Groza, J.R., Allain, J.P. (2011): “Multimodal grain size distribution and high hardness in fine grained tungsten fabricated by spark plasma sintering”. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 528, 18, 5670-5677.
  • Allain J.P., Brooks, J.N. (2011): “Lithium surface-response modelling for the NSTX liquid lithium divertor”. Nuclear Fusion, 51, 2, 023002.
  • Kugel, H.W., Bell, M.G., Allain, J.P, Bell, R.E., Taylor, C.N. et al. (2010): “Lithium coatings on NSTX plasma facing components and its effects on boundary control, core plasma performance, and operation”. Fusion Engineering and Design, 85, 6, 865-873.
  • Allain, J.P., Nieto-Perez, M., Hendricks, M.R., Zink, P., Metzmacher, C., Bergmann, K. (2010): “Energetic Sn+ irradiation effects on ruthenium mirror specular reflectivity at 13.5-nm”. Applied Physics A, 100 (1) 231-237p.
  • Harilal, S.S., Allain, J.P., Hassanein, A., Hendricks, M.R., Nieto-Perez, M., (2009): “Reactivity of lithium exposed graphite surface”. Applied Surface Science, 255, 20, 8539-8543p.
  • Brooks, J.N., Allain, J.P., Doerner, R.P., Hassanein, A., Nygren, R., Rognlien, T.D., Whyte, D.G. (2009): “Plasma surface interaction issues of an all-metal ITER”. Nuclear Fusion, 49, 3,035007.
  • Kugel, H.W., Bell, M.G., Ahn, J-W., Allain, J.P., et al. (2008): “The effect of lithium surface coatings on plasma performance in the National Spherical Torus Experiment”. Physics of Plasmas 15, 5, 056118p.
  • Allain, J.P., Coventry, M.D., Ruzic, D.N. (2007): “Collisional and thermal effects on liquid lithium sputtering”. Physical Review B, 76, 20, 205434.
  • Allain, J.P., Nieto, M., Hendricks, M., Harital, S.S., Hassanein, A. (2007): “Debris and radiation-induced damage effects on EUV nanolithography source collector mirror optics performance”. Proc. SPIE 6586, Damage to VUV, EUV, and X-ray Optics, 65860W, International Society for Optics and Photonics.
  • Allain, J.P., Nieto, M., Hendricks, M.R., Plotkin, P., Harilal, S.S., Hassanein, A. (2007): “IMPACT: a facility to study the interaction of low-energy intense charged particle beams with dynamic heterogeneous surfaces”. Review of Scientific Instruments, 78, 11, 113105.
  • Brooks, J.N., Allain, J.P., Rognlien, T., Maingi, R (2005): “PSI modeling of liquid lithium divertors for the NSTX tokamak”. Journal of Nuclear Materials. 337, 1053-1057.
  • Allain, J.P., Brooks, J.N., Whyte, D.G. (2004): “Lithium erosion experiments and modelling under quiescent plasma conditions in DIII-D”, Nuclear Fusion, 44, 5, 655.
  • Coventry, M.D., Allain, J.P., Ruzic, D.N. (2003): “D+, He+ and H+ sputtering of solid and liquid phase tin”. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 313-316p, 640.
  • Li, N., Allain, J.P., Ruzic, D.N. (2002): "Enhancement of aluminum-oxide physical vapour deposition with a secondary plasma". Surface and Coatings Technology, 149, 2, 161-170p.
  • Allain, J.P., Ruzic, D.N. (2002): "Measurements and modeling of low energy solid-phase lithium sputtering", Nuclear Fusion, 42, 2, 202.
  • Allain, J.P., Hendricks, M.R., Ruzic, D.N. (2001): "Measurements and modeling of D, He and Li sputtering of liquid lithium". Journal of Nuclear Materials. 290, 180-184p.
  • Ranjan, R., Allain, J.P., Hendricks, M.R., Ruzic, D.N. (2001): "Absolute sputtering yield of Ti/TiN by Ar+/N+ at 400 to 700 eVâ". Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A., 19, 3, 1004-1007p.


  • B LaBombard, PC Stangeby, R Majeski, JP Allain (2018) "Elements of a US R&D Plan to Solve Plasma-Material Interaction Challenges for Magnetic Fusion Energy", Report for the National Academies
  • DOE FES Report on Science Challenges and Research Opportunities for Plasma Materials Interactions, August 2015
  • DOE FES, Assessment of the Workforce Development Needs for the Fusion Energy Sciences, May 2014

Journal Editorships

  • Editorial Board, Journal of Human on Chip Research Studies, 2017-Present
  • Associate Editor for Frontiers In Energy Research, EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2016 - Present
  • Senior Editor for Fusion Science and Technology, IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2014 - Present
  • Guest Editor, Transactions on Plasma Science, IEEE, 2009-2010, 2011-2012


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